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Community Wildfire Protection Planning (CWPP)
Community Wildfire Protection Planning in Skagit County
The Skagit Conservation District was asked by Skagit County to lead efforts on the development of a county-wide Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP). With the help of our community partners including the WA State Department of Natural Resources, Skagit County Emergency Management, the Local Fire Districts, Skagit County Natural Resource Lands Policy Coordinator, and others, the CWPP was completed in April of this year (2009). Below are some basics on Community Wildfire Protection Plans and a link to Skagit County's CWPP.
Community Wildfire Protection Plan
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is a CWPP?
A community based plan that identifies and prioritizes hazardous fuels treatments and recommends ways to reduce structural ignitability
2. Why develop a CWPP?
There are several great reasons to develop a community wildfire protection plan. First and foremost, a successful CWPP provides a community with a set of goals, actions and resources specifically designed to address the threat of wildfire. These goals, actions and resources can help:
- Enhance public safety
- Improve economic resiliency through the identification and protection of critical infrastructure and businesses at risk
- Restore and protect ecosystem health
- Raise public awareness about wildfire risks
- Educate landowners of their shared responsibility in wildfire protection
- Build new partnerships between local, state and federal fire fighting agencies, community organizations and businesses
- Realize opportunities for collaboration
Finally, a CWPP is a critical tool required in order to leverage funding for hazard mitigation and recovery work through the National Fire Plan, FEMA mitigation grants and other resources. Under the Healthy Forest Restoration Act (HFRA) of 2003 communities that seek funding from the federal government for hazardous fuels reduction work are required to develop a protection plan. The minimum requirements for a conforming CWPP as described in the HFRA are:
- Collaboration: A CWPP must be collaboratively developed by local and state government representatives, in consultation with federal agencies and other interested parties.
- Prioritized Fuel Reduction: A CWPP must identify and prioritize areas for hazardous fuel reduction treatments and recommend the types and methods of treatment that will protect one or more at-risk communities and essential infrastructure.
- Treatment of Structural Ignitability: A CWPP must recommend measures that homeowners and communities can take to reduce the ignitability of structures throughout the area addressed by the plan.
3. Who initiates and drives the process of creating a CWPP?
Local governments, watershed councils or affiliated community groups can spearhead the effort to create a CWPP. Three partners must sign off on the final plan: the local government or municipality, the local fire protection department(s) and the state forestry management agency. Other groups and federal agencies are also encouraged to participate in the process.
Skagit County Community Wildfire Protection Plan
Click here(38mb) to view the 2013 version of this document. Click here to view the 2011-2012 Report of Accomplishments.
For more detailed information on CWPPs:
For access to completed CWPPs throughout the state: